Dazu gehören auch mehrere Affen wie der Guinea-Pavian, die Grünmeerkatze, der Westafrikanische Stummelaffe, der Senegal-Galago und der Husarenaffe.Das Warzenschwein ist ebenso hier heimisch wie das Pinselohrschwein und das Erdferkel.Erdferkel fressen Termiten und leben überall dort, wo sie diese finden. [128], Ebola re-emerged in Guinea in January-February 2021. Read how you can be prepared for all of this in our guide! The Soumba cascade at the foot of Mount Kakoulima in Kindia, Voile de la Mariée (bride's veil) in Dubreka, the Kinkon cascades that are about 80 m (260 ft) high on the Kokoula River in the prefecture of Pita, the Kambadaga falls that can reach 100 m (330 ft) during the rainy season on the same river, the Ditinn & Mitty waterfalls in Dalaba, and the Fetoré waterfalls and the stone bridge in the region of Labe are among the most well-known water-related tourist sites. [133][134] Surveillance surveys conducted in 2001 and 2002 show higher rates of HIV in urban areas than in rural areas. The major roads of Guinea are the following: Horses and donkeys pull carts, primarily to transport construction materials. Conté immediately denounced the previous regime's record on human rights, released 250 political prisoners and encouraged approximately 200,000 more to return from exile. The English "Guinea" is derived from the Portuguese word "Guiné" which originated during the mid-15th century. They offer international health insurance for individuals and families who move to Guinea-Conakry . Guinea je chudý zemědělský stát, i když velké zásoby nerostů jako jsou bauxit a diamanty slibují budoucí bohatství. [120] Conakry International Airport is the largest airport in the country, with flights to other cities in Africa as well as to Europe. Bordered in north by Guinea-Bissau, Senegal, and Mali, and by Côte d'Ivoire to the east and southeast, by Liberia and Sierra Leone to the south. The traders exploited the regional slave practices that had existed for centuries of trading in human beings. France negotiated Guinea's present boundaries in the late 19th and early 20th centuries with the British for Sierra Leone, the Portuguese for their Guinea colony (now Guinea-Bissau), and Liberia. There are small numbers of Hindus, Buddhists, and traditional Chinese religious groups among the expatriate community. [44], On 26 March 2013, the opposition party backed out of the negotiations with the government, over the upcoming 12 May election. Formerly known as French Guinea (French: Guinée française), the modern country is sometimes referred to as Guinea-Conakry to distinguish it from other countries with "Guinea" in the name and the eponymous region, such as Guinea-Bissau and Equatorial Guinea. N1 connects Conakry, Coyah, Kindia, Mamou, Dabola, Kouroussa, and Kankan. In Upper Guinea, grains and cassava (manioc) are important food crops; vegetables, tobacco, and karite (shea butter) are traded locally; and domestic animals are common. There are also a ... more. As expats, we understand what you need, and offer the In April 2014 the Guinean government cancelled the company's mining rights in Simandou. The Gendarmerie, responsible for internal security, has a strength of several thousand. A guinea is a coin that was minted in the Kingdom of England between 1663 and 1813. It lies mostly between latitudes 7° and 13°N, and longitudes 7° and 15°W, with a small area that is west of 15°. Under then-Prime Minister Diallo, the government began a rigorous reform agenda in December 2004 designed to return Guinea to a PRGF with the IMF. The English term Guinea comes directly from the Portuguese word Guiné, which emerged in the mid-15th century to refer to the lands inhabited by the Guineus, a generic term for the black African peoples south of the Senegal River, in contrast to the "tawny" Zenaga Berbers above it, whom they called Azenegues or Moors. The European traders arrived in the 16th century. In 2014, the total fertility rate (TFR) of Guinea was estimated at 4.93 children born per woman. Comparable to the life of the US gorilla researcher Dian Fossey, but limited in time: veterinarian Claudie Reyland lives with primates for several weeks every year. Domestic air services are intermittent. Leonard George Siffleet (14 January 1916 – 24 October 1943) was an Australian commando of World War II. [86][87], In 2010 Rio Tinto signed a binding agreement with Aluminum Corporation of China Limited to establish a joint venture for the Simandou iron ore project. Eine ethnographische Darstellung by … [105] Female genital mutilation in Guinea had been performed on more than 98% of women as of 2009[update]. The unicameral National Assembly is the legislative body of the country, and its members are directly elected by the people. An alternative theory claims that the term Guinea is derived from Djenné, a city in modern-day Mali that was heavily important in the trans-Saharan trade from the 15th to 17th centuries. The government administers the country through eight regions, 33 prefectures, over 100 subprefectures, and many districts (known as communes in Conakry and other large cities and villages, or "quartiers" in the interior). In 2009 the government of Guinea gave the northern half of Simandou to BSGR[82] for an $165 million investment in the project and a pledge to spend $1 billion on railways, saying that Rio Tinto wasn't moving into production fast enough. Nzérékoré, located in the Guinée forestière region in Southern Guinea, is the second largest city. In response, the health ministry banned the sale and consumption of bats, thought to be carriers of the disease. The late 1970s and early 1980s saw some economic reforms, but Touré's centralized control of the state remained. Guinea has considerable potential for growth in the agricultural and fishing sectors. The Fulas or Fulani,[53] comprise 33.4%[114] of the population and are mostly found in the Futa Djallon region. [146], Polygamy is generally prohibited by law in Guinea, but there are exceptions. [35], The presidential election was held on 27 June,[36][37] with a second election held on 7 November, due to allegations of electoral fraud. Cassava is also widely consumed. Dále se zde těží zlato, mangan a sůl. Guinea's armed forces are divided into five branches—army, navy, air force, the paramilitary National Gendarmerie and the Republican Guard—whose chiefs report to the Chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff, who is subordinate to the Minister of Defense. Condé had been in power since 2010 and he won the third term. On 22 November 1970, Portuguese forces from neighboring Portuguese Guinea staged Operation Green Sea, a raid on Conakry by several hundred exiled Guinean opposition forces. The first known case involved a two-year-old child who died, after fever and vomiting and passing black stool, on 6 December. Often in the case of foreigners, they were forced to leave the country, after having had their Guinean spouse arrested and their children placed into state custody. For the origin of the name "Guinea" see Guinea (region) § Etymology. The child's mother died a week later, then a sister and a grandmother, all with symptoms that included fever, vomiting, and diarrhea. In rural areas, food is eaten from a large serving dish and eaten by hand outside of homes. The population of Guinea is estimated at 12.4 million. A 2012 study reported high chronic malnutrition rates, with levels ranging from 34% to 40% by region, as well as acute malnutrition rates above 10% in Upper Guinea's mining zones. [147] UNICEF reports that 53.4% of Guinean women aged 15–49 are in polygamous marriages.[148]. [45], On 25 March 2014, the World Health Organization said that Guinea's Ministry of Health had reported an outbreak of Ebola virus disease in Guinea. female genital mutilation) were ongoing abuses of human rights.[18]. [8][9][10][11] Guinea has a population of 12.4 million and an area of 245,857 square kilometres (94,926 sq mi). Guinea's people belong to twenty-four ethnic groups. … Born in Gunnedah, New South Wales, he joined the Second Australian Imperial Force in 1941, and by 1943 had reached the rank of sergeant.Posted to M Special Unit of the Services Reconnaissance Department, Siffleet was on a mission in Papua New Guinea when he and two Ambonese companions … Electricity and water shortages are frequent and sustained, and many businesses are forced to use expensive power generators and fuel to stay open. Stay on top of Guinea latest developments on the ground with Al Jazeera’s fact-based news, exclusive video footage, photos and updated maps. The Soussou, comprising 21.2% of the population, are predominantly in western areas around the capital Conakry, Forécariah, and Kindia. [119], The literacy rate of Guinea is one of the lowest in the world: in 2010 it was estimated that only 41% of adults were literate (52% of males and 30% of females). Do you want to relocate? [142] The association administers the national football team, as well as the national league. The gold used to mint the first guineas was mined in the region of the same name in Africa. Global Alumina's proposed alumina refinery has a price tag above $2 billion. [34] After meeting in Ouagadougou on 13 and 14 January 2010, Camara, Konaté and Blaise Compaoré, President of Burkina Faso, produced a formal statement of twelve principles promising a return of Guinea to civilian rule within six months. Our expert expat team is ready to get your relocation going, so why not jump-start your move abroad and The country has great potential for hydroelectric power. to help you move and live abroad easily. today? The Luxembourger is a volunteer at the "Projet Primates" in Guinea and told Laura Tomassini what everyday life is like as a chimpanzee surrogate mother and bush veterinarian. The weakened empire fell to invaders from Morocco at the Battle of Tondibi, just three years later. Punishments for violent crimes are harsh, particularly because of the conditions of prisons, but often culprits will not be caught. In 2006, Guinea signed a production sharing agreement with Hyperdynamics Corporation of Houston to explore a large offshore tract, and was recently in partnership with Dana Petroleum PLC (Aberdeen, United Kingdom). This page was last edited on 8 April 2021, at 07:44. There are two types of adoption in Guinea: (1) simple adoption (when the adopted child keeps his/her family name) and (2) full adoption (when the adopted child bears the name of the adopting family and loses his/her rights to the biological parents). The Guinean sector was designated a UNESCO World Heritage site in 1981 and is home to a unique and diverse array of flora and fauna. [125], While WHO terminated the Public Health Emergency of International Concern (PHEIC) on 29 March 2016,[126] the Ebola Situation Report released on 30 March confirmed 5 more cases in the preceding two weeks, with viral sequencing relating one of the cases to the November 2014 outbreak. French, the official language of Guinea, is the main language of communication in schools, in government administration, and the media, but more than twenty-four indigenous languages are also spoken. Guinean cuisine varies by region with rice as the most common staple. Guinea is named after the Guinea region. In 2014 an outbreak of the Ebola virus occurred in Guinea. BSGR has denied any wrongdoing, and in May 2014 sought arbitration over the government of Guinea's decision to expropriate its mining rights. Whatever stage you are at, InterNations GO! Guinea, rite Respublica Guineae (Francice: République de Guinée), est civitas sui iuris in Africa Occidentali, cuius terra antiqua nomine Graeco-Latino classico Hesperia plerumque cognita est. Throughout the 1960s, the Guinean government nationalised land, removed French-appointed and traditional chiefs from power, and had strained ties with the French government and French companies. Cigna is one of the world's biggest international insurers with access to 1.65 million hospitals, physicians, clinics and specialists across more than 200 countries. The nation forms a crescent as it curves from its southeast region to the north and west, to its northwest border with Guinea-Bissau and southwestern coast on the Atlantic Ocean. ", Georges Pilot's history of railways in West Africa (in French), http://citypopulation.de/Guinea-Cities.html, "Guinea 2012 International Religious Freedom Report", International Religious Freedom Report 2008: Guinea, "Country Reports on Human Rights Practices for 2015: Guinea", Bureau of International Labor Affairs (ILAB) – U.S. Department of Labor, "Ebola: Guinea outbreak reaches capital Conakry", "Ebola Situation Report – 4 March 2015 | Ebola", "Ebola is no longer a public health emergency", "Ebola Situation Report – 30 March 2016 | Ebola", "Guinea declares Ebola epidemic: First deaths since 2016", "WHO – Female genital mutilation and other harmful practices", "Female Genital Mutilation/Cutting: A statistical overview and exploration of the dynamics of change – UNICEF DATA", "Epidemiological Fact Sheets: HIV/AIDS and Sexually Transmitted Infections, December 2006", "Enquête nationale nutrition-santé, basée sur la méthodologie SMART, 2011–2012", "EU employee tests positive for coronavirus in Guinea's first case", "COVID-19 and W/Africa: 1,994 new cases, 31 new deaths in 24 hours", "At a glance: Guinea - Football boosts girls' education", "Member Associations: Fédération Guinéenne de Football (FGF)", "Eating in the Embassy: Guinean Embassy Brings West African Food To Washington", African Court on Human and Peoples' Rights, Africa Centres for Disease Control and Prevention, African Charter on Human and Peoples' Rights, African Commission on Human and Peoples' Rights, Saint Helena, Ascension and Tristan da Cunha, Organisation internationale de la Francophonie, Agence de Coopération Culturelle et Technique, Prix des cinq continents de la francophonie, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Guinea&oldid=1016634803, French-speaking countries and territories, Member states of the Organisation internationale de la Francophonie, Member states of the Organisation of Islamic Cooperation, States and territories established in 1958, CS1 maint: bot: original URL status unknown, Articles with dead external links from January 2019, Articles with permanently dead external links, Articles with dead external links from July 2017, Articles with dead external links from August 2018, Short description is different from Wikidata, Pages using infobox country or infobox former country with the symbol caption or type parameters, Articles needing additional references from September 2018, All articles needing additional references, Articles with obsolete information from December 2018, All Wikipedia articles in need of updating, Articles containing potentially dated statements from 2009, All articles containing potentially dated statements, Pages containing links to subscription-only content, Pages using Sister project links with hidden wikidata, Pages using Sister project links with default search, Articles with French-language sources (fr), Wikipedia articles with MusicBrainz area identifiers, Wikipedia articles with SUDOC identifiers, Wikipedia articles with WORLDCATID identifiers, Wikipedia articles with multiple identifiers, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License. Data, research and territorial reviews on regional, rural and urban development including city planning, green cities, green regions and mayoral roundtables., How’s life? [67] In November 2012, Hyperdynamics subsidiary SCS reached an agreement for a sale of 40% of the concession to Tullow Oil, bringing ownership shares in the Guinea offshore tract to 37% Hyperdynamics, 40% Tullow Oil, and 23% Dana Petroleum. Guinea is one of the emerging regional producers of apples and pears. However, hours before that meeting, Colonels Lansana Conté and Diarra Traoré seized power in a bloodless coup. N6 connects Kissidougou, Kankan, and Siguiri. However, the local production of rice is not sufficient to feed the country, so rice is imported from Asia. Despite this, the country continued to receive investment from capitalist countries, such as the United States. [144], The Guinea national football team, nicknamed Syli nationale (National Elephants), have played international football since 1962. Further, In November 2016, the former mining minister of Guinea, Mahmoud Thiam, accused head of Rio Tinto's Guinea operation department of offering him a bribe in 2010 to regain Rio Tinto's control over half of the undeveloped Simandou project. Unsafe burials remained one of the primary sources of the transmission of the disease. [90], In July 2017, the UK-based anti-fraud regulator, the Serious Fraud Office (SFO) and the Australian Federal Police[91] launched an investigation into Rio Tinto's business practices in Guinea.[92][93]. Many more boys are enrolled in school than girls, though the government is working to increase the levels of all children getting enrolled in the primary schools. He said the firm would help build ports, railway lines, power plants, low-cost housing and even a new administrative centre in the capital, Conakry. The third most spoken native language is the Susu language, which was spoken by 21.2% of the population in 2018 as their first language. The largest hospital in Guinea is the Donka Hospital in Conakry; this is a publicly owned hospital, but the facilities are too expensive for a lot of Guinean people. [95] He was charged with embezzlement of public funds and receiving financial and other benefits from French companies that were interested in the Guinean mining industry. Conté assumed the role of president, with Traoré serving as prime minister, until December. The bulk of diamonds are mined artisanally. [74], Youth unemployment remains a large problem. today to jump start your move, and begin the preparations with our free The exact origin of the word Guinea is disputed. The adopting individual should be at least 15 years older than the adoptee. The land that is now Guinea belonged to a series of African empires until France colonized it in the 1890s, and made it part of French West Africa. The earliest, the Ghana Empire, grew on trade but ultimately fell after repeated incursions of the Almoravids. In 1958, the French Fourth Republic collapsed due to political instability and its failures in dealing with its colonies, especially Indochina and Algeria. Visit the Embassy's COVID-19 page for more information on COVID-19 in Guinea. When you arrive in Guinea, arrange your airport transfer in advance, particularly if you are arriving at night. Countless others were imprisoned and faced torture. [89] Conde said he knew nothing about the bribe and denied any wrongdoing. [47][48] On 18 September 2014, eight members of an Ebola education health care team were murdered by villagers in the town of Womey. Conakry is Guinea's capital, largest city, and economic centre. [16] It is the world's second largest producer of bauxite, and has rich deposits of diamonds and gold. Touré was reelected unopposed to four seven-year terms as president, and every five years voters were presented with a single list of PDG candidates for the National Assembly. The Sosso Empire (12th to 13th centuries) briefly flourished in the resulting void, but the Mali Empire came to prominence when Soundiata Kéïta defeated the Sosso ruler Soumangourou Kanté at the Battle of Kirina, in c. 1235. In Guinea-Bissau leben viele Tierarten. the essential services [150], "Guinée" redirects here. [42][43], The political violence also led to inter-ethnic clashes between the Fula and Malinke, the base of support for President Condé. The answer can depend on the region in which you live. Travel insurance with good health insurance is absolutely essential for your trip to Guinea, as if you have any serious problems, it will be best to leave the country for treatment. In August 2016 that number had reached 9089. Das Leben Eines Afrikanischen Fischerbauern Aus Guinea by Momo Toure available in Trade Paperback on Powells.com, also read synopsis and reviews. The majority of Guineans work in the agriculture sector, which employs approximately 75% of the country. In 1999, primary school attendance was 40 percent. Fulani Muslims migrated to Futa Jallon in Central Guinea, and established an Islamic state from 1727 to 1896, with a written constitution and alternate rulers. The US Justice Department investigated allegations that BSGR had bribed President Conté's wife to get him the concession,[83] and so did the Federal Bureau of Investigation, the next elected President of Guinea, Alpha Condé, and an assortment of other national and international entities. Außerdem existiere… The World Health Organization (WHO) reported that the inability to engage with local communities hindered the ability of health workers to trace the origins and strains of the virus. [99] The investigation also revealed that he was involved in rewriting Guinea's mining law during President Conde's rule. Other languages spoken in Guinea include Kissi, Kpelle, and other languages, which were spoken by 16% of the population altogether in 2018 as their native languages.[113]. [102], The Conde government investigated two other contracts as well, one which left Hyperdynamic with a third of Guinea's offshore lease allocations as well as Rusal's purchase of the Friguia Aluminum refinery, in which it said that Rusal greatly underpaid. Plans had at one time been mooted for the passenger line to be rehabilitated as part of an iron-ore development masterplan but although the start of work was announced in 2010, corruption charges led the whole masterplan to be paused and the line was only rebuilt as a 105km mineral railway, paralleling the old route as far as the mines of Kalia. Despite this measure, the virus eventually spread from rural areas to Conakry,[124] and by late June 2014 had spread to neighboring countries - Sierra Leone and Liberia. This project is said to be of the same magnitude as the Pilbara in Western Australia. [88] In November 2016, Rio Tinto admitted paying $10.5 million to a close adviser of President Alpha Condé to obtain rights on Simandou. [46] It is believed that the first case was Emile Ouamouno, a 2-year-old boy who lived in the village of Meliandou. Es gibt mehrere Affenarten. The Sabu-1 targeted a four-way anticline prospect with upper Cretaceous sands, and was anticipated to be drilled to a total depth of 3,600 meters. CS1 maint: bot: original URL status unknown (, "Mr Sekou Touré, who gave the PAIGC unstinted support during its war against the Portuguese,...". Other major cities in the country with a population above 100,000 include Kankan, Kindia, Labe, Guéckédou, Boke, Mamou and Kissidougou. [138], The first case of COVID-19 was reported in Guinea on 13 March 2020. [71] The loss of IMF funds forced the government to finance its debts through Central Bank advances. Guinea is a member of many international organizations, including the African Union, Agency for the French-Speaking Community, African Development Bank, Economic Community of West African States, World Bank, Islamic Development Bank, IMF, and the United Nations. Hafia FC (known as Conakry II in 1960s) is second with 15 titles having dominated in 1960s and 70s, but the last coming in 1985. In return, he said the firm would be a "strategic partner" in all mining projects in the mineral-rich nation. Susus or Susu 1. a member of a people living chiefly in Guinea and Sierra Leone 2. the Mande language of this people Consider this even during the day as muggings do still occur in broad daylight. In 2001, Conté organized and won a referendum to lengthen the presidential term, and in 2003, he began his third term, after elections were boycotted by the opposition. What is now Guinea was on the fringes of the major West African empires. Of these, 13,141 had recovered, 500 were active, and 81 people had died. Guinea is located in West Africa where it borders six countries. [12], The sovereign state of Guinea is a republic with a president who is directly elected by the people; this position is both head of state and head of government. [32], On 3 December 2009, an aide shot Camara during a dispute over the rampage in September. Under the French, the country formed the Territory of Guinea within French West Africa, administered by a governor general resident in Dakar. Then, by way of care-giving visits or attendance at funerals, the outbreak spread to other villages.

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